Unofficial…

Editing

Wolf Behavior

1
  • The edit can be undone. Please check the comparison below to verify that this is what you want to do, and then save the changes below to finish undoing the edit. If you are undoing an edit that is …
Latest revision Your text
Line 1: Line 1:
<sub>'''NOTE:''' Many of the links offsite point to [http://www.wolf.org The International Wolf Center], and their adjoining [https://www.youtube.com/user/IntlWolfCenter/videos YouTube channel]. Both are highly recommended in respects to learning more about the information contained herein. This page will also be receiving a facelift in the upcoming days so as to be a bit more easily navigated.</sub>
 
 
 
The social relationships of [[wolves]] are maintained through three types of communications: vocalization, postural signaling, and scent marking.
 
The social relationships of [[wolves]] are maintained through three types of communications: vocalization, postural signaling, and scent marking.
   
Line 9: Line 7:
 
that on the cold and clear winter nights during courtship, the sound of a howl
 
that on the cold and clear winter nights during courtship, the sound of a howl
 
carried long and far across the landscape while a full moon lent an eerie
 
carried long and far across the landscape while a full moon lent an eerie
aspect.
+
aspect. Wolves also celebrate by howling, after a successful hunt or when a
+
lone wolf returns from its wanderings.
Nonetheless, the wolf's howl can take many forms. Wolves celebrate by howling, after a successful hunt or when a
 
lone wolf returns from its wanderings, they [https://youtu.be/mwWr4zfenBk?t=122 rally], and they also mourn, an expression characterized by a long, [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uDJhmca0xU low-throated howl].
 
 
 
Wolves also bark, growl and whine. The bark occurs very rarely and when it
 
Wolves also bark, growl and whine. The bark occurs very rarely and when it
 
does, it is more like a soft "whoof" than a sharp dog-type bark. Barking also
 
does, it is more like a soft "whoof" than a sharp dog-type bark. Barking also
never occurs continuously. The bark is associated with surprise and warning. In the case of the latter, wolves, most commonly the alphas, will often emit a bark howl (two or three barks leading into a low, bellowing howl) that serves as a warning to outside threats and intruders.
+
never occurs continuously. The bark is associated with surprise and warning.
 
 
Growling occurs during food challenges and is associated with threat behavior
 
Growling occurs during food challenges and is associated with threat behavior
 
or assertion of rights. Pups will growl when they play. There also exists a
 
or assertion of rights. Pups will growl when they play. There also exists a
Line 20: Line 18:
 
greeting, feeding the pups, play, and other signs of anxiety, curiosity, and
 
greeting, feeding the pups, play, and other signs of anxiety, curiosity, and
 
inquiring. These are probably the most intimate sounds.
 
inquiring. These are probably the most intimate sounds.
 
 
Postural communication is composed of a variety of facial and tail expressions
 
Postural communication is composed of a variety of facial and tail expressions
as well as piloerection (raising of the hackles). Lunging, chasing, body
+
as well as piloerection (raising of the hackles). Lunging, chasing, body
 
slamming, fighting, and more subtle gestures are all different modes of postural
 
slamming, fighting, and more subtle gestures are all different modes of postural
 
communication. A submissive animal may lower the body, lower the tail, turn
 
communication. A submissive animal may lower the body, lower the tail, turn
Line 33: Line 30:
 
a few drops on itself. A stiff-legged approach from an alpha is a commonly
 
a few drops on itself. A stiff-legged approach from an alpha is a commonly
 
seen movement of dominance.
 
seen movement of dominance.
 
A subordinate animal may also engage in what's termed [https://www.wolf.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/wcs_luna_11_20_18-1024x758.jpg obnoxious submission], in which they foreleg stab a dominant wolf, perform several play lunges, and ultimately roll over to do what's required of them. This behaviour will repeat for as long as the subordinate wolf feels they can get away with it.
 
 
With respects to ear posture, there are subtleties that can be observed. Ears that are pricked and turned to the side, for example, most often can be read as, "[https://www.wolf.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/wcs_1_22_19ax-1024x728.jpg I'm not so sure I should be doing this]." Ears that are pricked and turned forward are an open display of confidence among packmates, and an indication of a stimulated prey drive if the ears are also tilted slightly forward.
 
   
 
Mouthing another's muzzle is a friendly gesture. Even clamping down on a
 
Mouthing another's muzzle is a friendly gesture. Even clamping down on a
muzzle isn't a gesture of anger, though it might signal annoyance. Packmates, and especially siblings, often jaw spar with one another as a means of play. Throats may
+
muzzle isn't a gesture of anger, though it might signal annoyance. Throats may
 
also be mouthed. Raised hackles and a raised tail can indicate annoyance. The
 
also be mouthed. Raised hackles and a raised tail can indicate annoyance. The
 
fluffing of the fur is used to accentuate certain emotions and to make the wolf
 
fluffing of the fur is used to accentuate certain emotions and to make the wolf
Line 45: Line 38:
 
accentuated by the black tip at the end of the tail.
 
accentuated by the black tip at the end of the tail.
 
Little is known about olfactory cues associated with scent markings and other
 
Little is known about olfactory cues associated with scent markings and other
glandular secretions.
+
glandular secretions. Scent marks can be divided into four categories:
 
Scent marks can be divided into four categories:
 
 
raised-leg urination, squat urination, defecation, and ground scratching or
 
raised-leg urination, squat urination, defecation, and ground scratching or
 
dirt kicking. The first category is the most important. The alpha animals
 
dirt kicking. The first category is the most important. The alpha animals
  Loading editor
Below are some commonly used wiki markup codes. Simply click on what you want to use and it will appear in the edit box above.

View this template